In the 73 years since the founding of the Chinese Communist Party, people have witnessed many slogans throughout the various eras, including the embodiment of the politics and the policies of the top leadership, and the interpretation of instructions from superiors by all levels of government.
The following 10 political slogans record the fact that the CCP used different slogans to deceive and persecute the people at different times. It is the best explanation that the lives of most Chinese people are affected by the CCP’s politics.
1. Slogan: Long live
On October 1, 1949, Mao Zedong announced at the Tiananmen Gate Tower that “the People’s Republic of China was established,” marking the beginning of the 73-year reign of the Communist Party.
In the first 10 years, many “long live” slogans appeared all over China. Among them, “Long Live the People’s Republic of China! Long Live the Great Unity of the Chinese People!” is the most significant.
Many historically imprinted slogans have disappeared, but these two “long live” slogans have stood the test of time. They still hang on the Tiananmen City Wall, the symbol of the power center of the CCP.
2. Slogan: Land to the tillers
After the founding of China, the Communist Party started a “public-private partnership” in cities and “land reform” in rural areas.
The slogan “Land to the tillers” was actually advocated in some places long before the CCP established its political power.
The “land reform” after 1949 was also the first nationwide movement after the CCP was established. This “equalization of the rich and the poor” movement, at the expense of completely destroying the class of wealthier landowners, allowing the poor to acquire land and assets.
Although the CCP does not have an accurate official account of the death toll of landowners during the land reform, it is widely believed that as many as 2 million landowners were killed during the “violent land reform,” and the number of family members of the landowners involved was even more.
3. Resist US aggression and aid Korea
In July 1950, the newly established China participated in the three-year War to resist U.S. aggression and aid Korea, and chose to fight with the North Korean army against the United Nations army led by the U.S. military.
Western estimates commonly cite 400,000 Chinese people’s volunteers were killed on the Korean battlefield, nearly 700,000 were killed by the United Nations army, and about 480,000 others are unaccounted for.
The Korean Armistice Agreement was signed in July 1953. So far, the Korean Peninsula has remained divided. To this day no peace treaty has been signed, and theoretically they are still in a state of war.
4. A hundred flowers bloom
In April 1956, Mao, the leader of the CCP, put forward the so-called letting a hundred flowers bloom in artistic work, and a hundred schools of thought compete in academic work. This policy was to develop science and promote culture and literature and art. In May, Lu Dingyi, the then minister of central propaganda, encouraged intellectuals to “have the freedom to think independently, to debate, to create and criticize, to express one’s own opinions, and to stand up for themselves in literary and artistic work and scientific research, and have the freedom to reserve one’s own opinion.”
In June 1957, when the anti-rightist movement began, many intellectuals who were encouraged by the “Double Hundred” policy to speak freely were led out by Mao Zedong’s “yang conspiracy,” and they were labeled as rightists and destroyed.
5. Exceed the UK, catch the US
Around 1958, Mao proposed that China’s steel production should catch up with Britain in 15 years and catch up with the United States in 50 years.
Making steel became a nationwide movement and the prelude to the “Great Leap Forward.” Along with the slogans of Super Britain and the United States, there are other slogans such as “How bold people are and how prolific they are“; “One day is equal to 20 years, running into communism” and other slogans reflect the exaggerated atmosphere of the year. With the establishment of “people’s communes” and severe food shortages, China was plunged into a nationwide famine officially dubbed the “Three Years of Difficulty.”
Statistics on the number of abnormal deaths in China during the Great Leap Forward range from 18 million to 45 million. The number most cited by academia is 20 million to 30 million.
6. Sweep away all cow demons and snake spirits
From 1966 to 1976, it was the “decade of catastrophe” known as the “Cultural Revolution.”
On June 1, 1966, the People’s Daily published an editorial “Sweep away all cow demons and snake spirits,” saying that “a climax of the great proletarian cultural revolution is emerging in socialist China, which accounts for a quarter of the world’s population.”
According to Vision Times, during the 10 years of the Cultural Revolution, thousands of Red Guards were engaged in class struggles throughout the country. Criticism, ransacking, and whistleblowers were rampant. Almost every household was hit hard by this political movement.
Then-leader Liu Shaoqi was persecuted to death, Deng Xiaoping was overthrown, and Xi Zhongxun, the father of current Chinese leader Xi Jinping, was imprisoned. The experience of high-level politicians also reflects the impact on hundreds of millions of ordinary people.
7. The educated youth go to the countryside
In December 1968, in order to ease the pressure of unemployment, Mao instructed: “It is very necessary for educated youth to go to the countryside to receive re-education from poor and lower-middle peasants.”
During the Cultural Revolution, 14 million urban educated youths in China went to the countryside.
In January 1969, Xi Jinping, who was under the age of 16, also joined the line from Beijing to Shaanxi to set up a registration, becoming one of the thousands of educated youths.
Years later, Xi recalled the departure scene and said that there was no one on the entire train who did not cry, but I was laughing. Some relatives wanted to know why he was laughing. Xi said, “I have to cry if I don’t go. I don’t know if I’m here if I don’t go. Isn’t it a good thing to go?”
8. Family planning
In 1970s, late marriages, late childbearings, fewer births, and eugenics, helped to control the population in a planned way, and became China’s basic national policy. Before that, the policy of encouraging fewer births had been implemented for many years.
CCP official said that during the more than 30 years of strict implementation of family planning, a total of 400 million people were lost. However, such a policy also brings about serious demographic problems, with an older population and an imbalance in the ratio of males and females.
In 2015, China announced the universal two-child policy, abolishing the one-child policy that had been in place for more than three decades.
On May 31, 2021, at the meeting of the Politburo on the aging population and the three-child policy was born.
The two-child policy replaced China’s one-child policy, which took 32 years, and the two-child policy was replaced by the three-child policy, which only too five years.
9. Harmonious Society
In 2004, the Third Plenary Session of the Sixteenth National Congress of the Communist Party proposed to build a harmonious society.
Before this slogan was put forward, it had been more than ten years since the reform and opening up in 1979. Chinese society was faced with many major troubling events: The June 4th Movement in 1989 caused by rampant corruption and official collapse; large-scale layoffs of workers caused by the collapse of state-owned enterprises in the 1990s. While the number of HIV-infected people soared, the incident of farmers selling blood to be infected with HIV was exposed in Henan; the SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, SARS) incident in 2002; and the serious environmental damage caused by economic development to water resources, land resources, and air pollution issues.
As Banyuetan, a party magazine under the Propaganda Department of the Central Committee, admitted: China’s reform and opening up for more than 10 years is “the period of the fastest economic development, but not the period of the least opinion of the masses.”
10. The Chinese Dream
On March 17, 2013, the newly elected Xi mentioned the “Chinese Dream” nine times in his speech. He said that the Chinese dream is to realize the prosperity of the country, the rejuvenation of the nation, and the happiness of the people; to realize the Chinese dream, we must follow the Chinese path, carry forward the Chinese spirit, and gather Chinese strength.
The “Chinese Dream” has become a political slogan that affects millions of people.
Why does the CCP attach so much importance to the role of slogans and slogans in propaganda?
According to The Epoch Times, the book “Disintegrating Party Culture” explains: “The reason for this is nothing more than two points: first, the slogans and banners are short, catchy, vivid, easy to remember, have a direct effect, and have a lasting effect; second, because the slogans and banners are often very brief and cannot contain complex arguments, so the absurd errors and plausibility of the theoretical policies they promote are concealed and difficult to detect.”
The CCP has used different slogans at different times and stages to deceive and persecute the people.
However, according to Vision Times, “There is a set of slogans that run through the CCP’s decades of tyrannical history. This set of slogans embodies the CCP’s group goals, which the CCP has made great efforts to inculcate and illustrate in various literary and artistic forms. Change, this group of slogans sometimes changes its face and appears in another form, but its spirit remains unchanged. The purpose is to consolidate the people’s dependence and obedience to the Communist Party and maintain the one-party dictatorship of the Communist Party. This group of slogans is: “Without the Communist Party, there would be no new China,” “Parents and mothers do not have Party relatives,” Listen to the Party’s words, follow the Party’s words, and “Do whatever the Party tells you to do.”