A new report released by the human rights group Safeguard Defenders has charged that the Chinese Communist regime has for years been pressuring countries to deport Taiwanese nationals to mainland China so that they can be tried under Chinese Communist Party (CCP) rules rather than in Taiwan, which has some independence from the regime.
The report released on Tuesday, Nov. 30, reports that more than 600 Taiwanese arrested overseas have been deported to China in recent years instead of being brought to Taiwan, following pressure from Beijing.
“These forcible transfers are also often taking place following the denial of access to Taiwanese consular support or communication in the sending country, and sometimes followed by ongoing denial of contact with Taiwanese officials or family members once they are in the PRC,” the report reads.
The Taiwanese nationals targeted by the regime for deportation or extradition to the mainland are citizens suspected of having committed some sort of crime outside Taiwan. When it exerts this pressure on countries, the Chinese regime is undoubtedly undermining the sovereignty of the autonomous island.
Taiwanese criminal suspects are not the only group of people the Chinese regime targets abroad for deportation to the mainland. According to the report, other groups such as Uighur refugees, human rights defenders, and Hong Kongers fleeing communism are also targeted.
During 2016 and 2019, Spain alone deported 219 Taiwanese nationals to China, the highest number among eight countries that deported Taiwanese. Cambodia deported 117, the Philippines 79, Armenia 78, Malaysia 53, Kenya 45, Indonesia 18, and Vietnam 1.
The report stresses that all those countries bowing to the regime’s pressure to deport Taiwanese or persecuted minorities to China are categorically violating international human rights laws.
The Spain-based group noted that Taiwanese sent to China “have no roots and no families,” warned that they are at risk of persecution and serious human rights abuses.
Among the international standards is the principle of ‘non-refoulement,’ which simply dictates that no country should send anyone to another country where they risk persecution or human rights abuses. Countless reports indicate that under China’s communist regime, there are no guarantees of any kind on these matters.
“Conditions in China are such that fundamental human rights are wantonly denied, with impunity. These human rights abuses are both widespread and systematic as Safeguard Defenders has reported elsewhere, on arbitrary detention, torture, enforced disappearances, and forced confessions,” the report reads.
As reported by the BBC, in 2017, Taiwan repeatedly tried to negotiate with Cambodia’s national authorities to cancel the extradition of a group of Taiwanese to China but failed.
Under the “One China” policy, Beijing has insisted that any country wishing to have diplomatic relations with China must first sever official ties with Taiwan. This has resulted in Taiwan’s increasing diplomatic isolation from the international community.